a - a
3 (before a vowel an , exc. a-ṝṇin) , a prefix corresponding to Gk. $ , $ , Lat. {in} , Goth. &11[1 ,1] and Germ. {un} , Eng. {in} or {un} , and having a negative or privative or contrary sense (an-eka not one
* an-anta endless
* a-sat not good
* a-paśyat not seeing)
* rarely prefixed to Inf. (a-svaptum not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr.) and even to forms of the finite verb (a-spṝhayanti they do not desire BhP. Śiś.) and to pronouns (a-saḥ not he Śiś.
* a-tad not that BhP.)
* occasionally denoting comparison (a-brāhmaṇa like a Brahman T.)
* sometimes disparagement (a-yajña a miserable sacrifice)
* sometimes diminutiveness (cf. a-karṇa , an-udarā)
* rarely an expletive (cf. a-kupya , a-pūpa). According to Pāṇ. 6-2 , 161 , the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with a (as a-tīkṣṇa or a-tīkṣṇa , a-śuci or a-śuci , an-anna or an-anna)
* the same applies to stems ending in tṝ accentuated on the first syllable before a is prefixed
* cf. also a-tūrta and a-tūrta , a-bhinna and a-bhinna , &c.