sabdakósa

Keresés:
MWGítá

a - ā
ā
ā
4 (as a prefix to verbs , especially of motion , and their derivatives) near , near to , towards (see ā-kram &c.
* in the Veda , of course , the prefix is separable from the verb
* in a few cases RV. i , 10 , 11 and v , 64 , 5 , a verb in the imperative is to be supplied
* with roots like gam , , and i , `' to go '' , and 1. , `' to give '' , it reverses the action
* e.g. ā-gacchati , `' he comes ''
* ā-datte , `' he takes ''). (As a prep. with a preceding acc.) near to , towards , to RV.
* (with a preceding noun in the acc. , as joṣam or varam) for RV.
* (with a following acc.) up to .. exclusively AitBr.
* (with a preceding abl.) from RV. AV.
* out of , from among (e.g. bahubhya-ā , `' from among many '') RV.
* towards (only in asmad-ā , `' towards us '') RV.
* (with a following abl. cf. Pāṇ. 2-1 , 13 & 3 , 10) up to , to , as far as RV. AV. &c.
* from RV. i , 30 , 21
* (with a preceding loc.) in , at , on RV. AV. (As an adv. after words expressing a number or degree) fully , really , indeed (e.g. trir-ā-divas , `' quite or fully three times a day ''
* mahimā-vām-indrāgnī-paniṣṭha , ā , `' your greatness , O Indra and Agni , is most praiseworthy indeed '' , &c.) RV.
* (after a subst. or adj.) `' as , like '' , (or it simply strengthens the sense of the preceding word) RV. , (after a verb) RV. v , 7 , 7 and KenaUp. [126,2]
* (as a conjunctive particle) moreover , further , and (it is placed either between the two words connected [rarely after the second RV. x , 16 , 11 , or after both RV. x , 92 , 8] or , if there are more , after the last [RV. iv , 57 , 1 and x , 75 , 5]
* see also ātaś-ca s.v.) In classical Sanskṛit it may denote the limit `' to '' , `' until '' , `' as far as '' , `' from '' , either not including the object named or including it (sometimes with acc. or abl. or forming an adv.) e.g. ā-maraṇam or ā-maranāt , `' till death '' Pañcat. (cf. ā-maraṇānta &c.)
* ā-gopālā-dvijātayaḥ , `' the twice-born including the cowherds '' MBh. ii , 531
* ā-samudram or ā-samudrāt , `' as far as the ocean '' or `' from the ocean '' (but not including it)
* ā-kumāram , `' from a child '' or `' from childhood '' or `' to a child '' (cf. Lat. {a-puero}) MBh. iii , 1403
* ā-kumāram-yaśaḥ-pāṇineḥ , `' the fame of Pāṇini extends even to children ''
* ājānu-bāhu mfn. `' one whose arms reach down to the knees '' R. i , 1 , 12
* (see also ākarṇa- and ājanma-)
* (cf. ā-jarasam , ā-vyuṣam , ā-saptama , otsūyam.) Prefixed to adj. [rarely to subst.
* cf. ā-kopa] it implies diminution Pāṇ. 2-2 , 18 Comm. `' a little '' e.g. ā-piñjara mfn. a little red , reddish Ragh. xvi , 51
* (see also ā-pakva , oṣṇa , &c.) Some commentaries (e.g. Comm. on Ragh. iii , 8) occasionally give to ā in this application the meaning samantāt , `' all through , completely '' , as ā-nīla , `' blue all round. ''

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